Environmental Studies


Common Name(s): Kinnikinnick, Common Bearberry, Crowberry, Mountain Cranberry, Foxberry, Mealberry

Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

First Nations Name: Kinnikinnik (Alqonquian)

Family: Ericaceae 


Red Elderberry

Common Names:

Coastal Red Elder, Red Elderberry

First Nations Names:

Upriver Halkomelem: sth’iwuq’ (fruit), sth’iwuq’ulhp (shrub)

Downriver Halkomelem: th’iwuq’ (fruit), th’iwuq’ulhp (shrub)

Island Halkomelem: th’iwuq’ (fruit)


Family: Sambucus

Grand Fir

Common name

Grand Fir


Latin name

Abies grandis


Hulkemel’em name






–      S a l a l   –

Salal plant

Common Name(s):


Scientific Name(s):

Sword Fern

Sword Fern

(Polystichum munitum)

picture of sword fern in the forest

Figure 1. Fully mature sword fern in the forest (Hansen, 2012)

Common Names

Sword Fern, Shield Fern, Christmas Fern, Sword Holly Fern

(Garden Works, n.d.; Hansen, 2012)

Bracken Fern

Bracken Fern

Pteridium aquilinum


Picture of bracken fern

Source: Vancouver Island Grows


Common Names

bracken, brake, common bracken, eagle fern


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