Environmental Studies

Licorice Fern

polypodium glycyrrhiza

Other names.

Polypodium glycyrrhiza

St'uselóye (Halq'emeylem)


Licorice fern is a small, evergreen fern that grows on mossy rocks, ground and logs as well as on big-leaf maple tree trunks as single leaves from long, scaly rhizomes. Licorice fern is Lanceolate, 10-60 cm long, 2-15 cm wide, pinnatifid with sharp deep incisions and elongated pointed segments with toothed margins; rachis with rusty hairs on upper surface in the top one third.

Distribution and Habitat.


Common Name(s): Kinnikinnick, Common Bearberry, Crowberry, Mountain Cranberry, Foxberry, Mealberry

Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

First Nations Name: Kinnikinnik (Alqonquian)

Family: Ericaceae 


Bull kelp

Bull Kelp

Nereocystis luetkeana





Fig. 1 Bull Kelp from “Ocean treasures” Memorial Library

Common Names:  ribbon kelp, mermaids  bladder


Red Elderberry

Common Names:

Coastal Red Elder, Red Elderberry

First Nations Names:

Upriver Halkomelem: sth’iwuq’ (fruit), sth’iwuq’ulhp (shrub)

Downriver Halkomelem: th’iwuq’ (fruit), th’iwuq’ulhp (shrub)

Island Halkomelem: th’iwuq’ (fruit)


Family: Sambucus

Grand Fir

Common name

Grand Fir


Latin name

Abies grandis


Hulkemel’em name






–      S a l a l   –

Salal plant

Common Name(s):


Scientific Name(s):

Gaultheria shallon

Sword Fern

Sword Fern

(Polystichum munitum)

picture of sword fern in the forest

Figure 1. Fully mature sword fern in the forest (Hansen, 2012)

Common Names

Sword Fern, Shield Fern, Christmas Fern, Sword Holly Fern

(Garden Works, n.d.; Hansen, 2012)

Bracken Fern

Bracken Fern

Pteridium aquilinum


Picture of bracken fern

Source: Vancouver Island Grows


Common Names

bracken, brake, common bracken, eagle fern

First Nation Names

Tall Oregon Grape



Leaves of Oregon Grape

Scientific Names

Mahonia Aquifolium (Tall), Mahonia Nervosa (Low)

Common Names

Tall Oregon Grape, Low Oregon Grape, Oregon hollygrape, Oregon grapeholly, and Holly-leaved barberry


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